Ma'ale Adumim

Ma’ale Adumim, established by 23 families and six individuals in 1975 on the second night of Hanukkah, is a beautiful, modern city in Judea that lies along the ancient route from Jerusalem to the Jordan Valley. It is located seven kilometers (4.3 miles) east of Jerusalem on the edge of the Judean desert.

Not only does the city have good planning; it has natural beauty as well. The exquisite scenery includes the hills of Jerusalem to the north and west, and breathtaking desert mountains southward and eastward.

With its clean air, beautiful parks and close proximity to the capital, Ma’ale Adumim has become a desirable location. There are clubs and activities for young families as well as for seniors. The city is home to a mixed population of religious and secular, Ashkenazim and Sephardim. It offers a good quality of life, boasting many amenities, including a community center, sports complexes, malls, culture, entertainment, a public library and state-of-the-art transportation, medical and emergency services.

This is a mountainous area - its morphology resembled the open palm of a hand.
When I made the first sketch I placed the town center in the ›middle‹, and the neighborhoods on the ›fingers‹. The areas in between - the valleys - remained open and untouched, leading directly to the heart of the town. The houses were terraced, without pilotis, and all the pedestrian routes connected to the green areas without crossing the main roads. It was a very simple scheme—a ring, with those living inside it never having to cross the internal roads. This created a very safe environment for children.

High ground offers three strategic assets: greater tactical strength, self-protection and a wider view, which are principles as old as military history itself. Like the Crusaders’ fortresses, some incidentally built on the West Bank summits, settlements operate through the reinforcement of strength already provided by nature. The settlements are not only places of residence, but create a large-scale network of »civilian fortifications«, generating tactical territorial surveillance in the state’s regional strategic defense plan. But unlike in the fortresses and military camps of previous periods, the actual fortification work is absent in the settlements. Up until recent times, only a few mountain settlements were surrounded by walls or fences, as settlers argued that their homes must form a continuity with »their« landscapes, that they were not foreign invaders in need of protection, but rather that the Palestinians were those who needed to be fenced in.

The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.

Israeli settlements are home to 868 publicly owned facilities occupying 488,769 square meters.
These include 127 synagogues that cover 94,848 square meters, 96 ritual baths over a territory of 10,755 square meters, 321 sports facilities over 382,867 square meters, 344 kindergartens over 91,353 square meters, 211 schools over 296,933 square meters, 68 yeshivas over 100,943 square meters and 21 libraries over 8,962 square meters.
As for residential units, the total number of apartments stands at 32,711 spread over a space of around 3.27 million square meters, as well as 22,997 private homes over 5.74 million square meters. There are 187 shopping centers in the settlements occupying 162,399 square meters, 717 industrial structures on 904,817 square meters of land, 15 banquet halls on 23,186 square meters and paved roads that cover more than 1.02 million square meters.